Indispensable Prerequisite for Peace and Stability on Korean Peninsula

Seventy years have passed since a war broke out on this land.

The Korean war forced by the United States left painful scars and inflicted tremendous human and material losses upon the Korean people. The suffering of national division whereby kinsfolk of the same blood are compelled to live apart continues still today.

As the Korean nation still suffers from the heartrending wounds of the war, it is stronger than any other nation in its cherished desire to live on a peaceful land without a war, and it has long made persevering efforts to realize the desire, but in vain.

Its underlying cause is the sinister design, that is, the US policy hostile towards the DPRK.

The Institute for Disarmament and Peace of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK released on June 25 this paper with a view to laying bare before the whole world the truth behind the Korean war ignited by the US in the 1950s of the last century and to revealing the aggressive and predatory nature of its policy hostile towards the DPRK, which imposes immeasurable misfortunes and pains on the entire Korean nation.

The Korean war was an inevitable product of the US policy hostile towards the DPRK

The Korean war was a criminal war of aggression which was systematically prepared and provoked by the US according to its elaborate plans to stifle the DPRK by force of arms and hold in its hands Asia and the rest of the world.

Even today the US tries to fabricate all sorts of tricky information designed to cover up its aggressive crimes of having provoked the Korean war, but the truth of history can neither be covered up nor obliterated.

Since more than one century ago, the US adopted it as its state policy to invade and dominate Korea, a gateway to the Asian continent, and desperately pursued the policy hostile towards Korea for its implementation.

The US ruling circles presented the “proposal on opening Korea” to the Congress in February 1845 and perpetrated a series of incidents such as intrusions of General Sherman in 1866 and Shenandoah and China respectively in 1868, and large-scale armed invasion in 1871.

After signing the “Katsura-Taft Agreement” in 1905, the US backed the occupation and colonial rule by Japan over Korea while systematically attempting to turn Korea into its eventual colony. By the end of the World War II, it perfected its plan to occupy Korea.

In the letter sent in March 1951 to Joseph Martin, Senator of the US Congress, MacArthur, the then Commander of the US Forces in the Far East, wrote:

“If we lose this war to Communism in Asia, the fall of Europe is inevitable. By conquering all of Korea we can cut into pieces the one and only supply line connecting Soviet Siberia and South …, and control the whole area between Vladivostok and Singapore. Nothing would then be beyond the reach of our power.” (Herschel Meyer, “Modern History of America”, p.148)

In a word, the US regarded Korea as a “dagger” to cut off a “lump of meat” which meant Asia.

The Korean war was badly needed for the American munitions monopolies which had been too fattened by piles of money they had amassed during World War II.

The economic crisis which started in the US from the end of 1948 grew more acute by 1949.

The industrial production plummeted by 15 percent compared to the previous year, the prices nose-dived, and the investment in machinery and equipment reduced sharply, which resulted in the bankruptcy of over 4 600 companies and the increase of the unemployed to 6 million during the first half of 1949 alone. The revenue of the monopolies shrunk from US$ 36.6 billion to 28.4 billion between September 1948 and March 1949.

Soon after the outbreak of the Korean war, American publications headlined that “the business called Korea revived the economy” and “the outbreak of the Korean war exorcised the evil of recession that had been agonizing the American commerce since the end of World War II.” This fact speaks itself that a “special recipe”, i.e. a war, was needed for the US at that time in order to survive economic crisis.

This is how the US chose, pursuant to its strategy for world hegemony, Korea as a “unique point of tangency between the American military system and the Asian mainland”, an “ideological battleground”, a “test ground” of showdown for realizing world domination, and also as the only way to get out of the economic crisis after World War II.

The true aggressive colours of the US that took the lead in preparing for the Korean war are also clearly revealed by its making of the war scenario.

The plan of the US to occupy Far East was divided into three phases: The first phase begins with the Korean war (A) and in the second phase the war is expanded into China (B) and in the final phase, Siberia is occupied (C). The start of operation was slated for 1949.

A Japanese magazine dated September 1964 disclosed the story behind the scene by citing a former colonel of the imperial Japanese army, who had been involved in this conspiracy for the war, as follows:

“The operation was divided into three phases. First, 10 divisions comprising the US Army and south Korean Army are deployed along the 38th Parallel, and two operation zones, i.e. the east zone and the west zone are formed. The west front directly advances to Pyongyang and a landing operation at northern Pyongyang with the cooperation of the Navy and Air Forces is conducted in parallel with it. The east front chooses Yangdok as its left flank and ensures the connection between Pyongyang and Wonsan and its right flank will march directly towards Wonsan. Here again, a landing operation at northern Wonsan is conducted by a naval unit. These two fronts advance together up to River Amnok and break through the Sino-Korean border. This was the first phase of the operation and a detailed plan based on data provided by the former Japanese Army was worked out. Next, the operation enters the second phase the moment the Sino-Korean border is broken through, followed by participation of the Japanese army and the UN forces. This was the sequence.”

With a thoroughgoing plan and concrete preparations, the US finally ignited the Korean war by inciting the south Korean puppet army at 4 a.m., June 25, 1950.

On the eve of the war, Robert, the then head of the US military advisory group in south Korea gabbled as follows: “We have chosen the 25th and this explains our prudence. It is Sunday. It’s the Sabbath for both the United States and south Korea, Christian states. No one will believe we have started a war on Sunday. In short, it is to make people believe that we are not the first to open a war.”

After the provocation of the Korean war, the US manoeuvred cunningly to cover up its true colours as aggressors.

On June 25, it asked for convening the United Nations Security Council meeting, and forged the UNSC “resolution” No. 82 which designated the DPRK as an “aggressor” and on July 7, it forged another UNSC “resolution” No. 84 which “recommended” to make the allied forces available to “a unified command under the US” and “asked” the US to designate its commander and “authorized” the usage of UN flag.

The DPRK was thus termed a “provoker” of the war and the Fatherland Liberation War of the Korean people, an “aggression”, and the “UN forces” made an appearance as a belligerent party to the war.

The successive UN Secretary-Generals officially admitted that the “UN Command” is not a UN-controlled organ but purely a war tool of the US.

In June 1994, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the then UN Secretary-General, admitted that “the UNSC did not establish the ‘Unified Command’ as a subsidiary organ under its control and it became to be placed under the authority of the US.” (June 24, 1994 Letter from the UN Secretary-General to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK)

In December 1998, Kofi A. Annan, the then UN Secretary-General, said that “none of my predecessors have granted any authorization to any State to make the use of the name of the UN” when he referred to the forces and command dispatched by the US into the Korean War. (December 21, 1998, Letter from the UN Secretary-General to the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly of the DPRK)

On July 27, 2004 and March 6, 2006, the UN spokesperson confirmed that the “‘UN Command’, despite its name, is not the army of UN, but a US-led force.”

It is not the UN but the US which has the power to appoint the “UN commander.” It is not the UN but the US administration which has absolute power to decide on either reduction or increase of the US army in south Korea that are wearing the helmets of the “UN forces.”

Despite all these facts, the UN flag is still brazenly hanging in Panmunjom, which is the shame on the part of the United Nations.

This fiercest war ended in the miraculous victory of the heroic Korean people who were led by President Kim Il Sung. Yet the human and material losses the Korean nation had suffered were indeed tremendous.

The nefarious atrocities of massacre committed by the US imperialists in particular cannot be detailed on this short paper.

The US imperialists, who had wormed into Sinchon County in October 1950, committed all kinds of atrocities of massacre against 35 380-strong innocent residents, equivalent to 25% of the county’s population, in over 50 days. They burnt the innocent residents to death, drowned them in reservoir, shot to death, burnt them on the firewood, ripped apart the limbs of living persons and cut off the abdomens of pregnant women. These facts lay bare before the world that the US imperialists are no less than wild beasts and bloodthirsty wolves in human shape.

According to an official statistics alone, the US imperialists, during the Korean war, killed more than 1.23 million people in the northern half of Korea and more than 1.24 million people in south Korea, and attempted to eliminate the Korean nation by mobilizing even the chemical and germ weapons.

In 1951, an investigation team of the Women’s International Democratic Federation, which investigated the atrocities of the US imperialists on the site, wrote in its report: “The massacres and tortures committed by the US troops in the areas of their temporary occupation are more atrocious than those committed by Hitler Nazis in Europe.”

Openly clamouring that they would “wipe out 78 cities and towns of north Korea from the map” and “leave nothing intact”, the US, throughout the Korean war, dropped almost 600 000 tons of bombs and napalm on the northern half of Korea, which are 3.7 times as many as bombs dropped on the Japanese mainland during the Pacific War.

Severely destroyed owing to the atrocities of the US imperialists during the war were 50 941 factories and enterprises, 28 632 buildings of schools at all levels, 4 534 buildings of medical facilities including hospitals and clinics, 579 buildings of scientific research institutions, 8 163 buildings of press and culture organs, 2 077 226 dwelling houses. Also 563 755 hectares of farming land got damaged, and the total reduced area of paddy and non-paddy fields amounted to 155 500 hectares.

When the war was over, there was nothing left but ashes, and the US bragged that Korea would not be able to rise to its feet again in a hundred years.

All these facts eloquently show that the US imperialists are the very provokers of the Korean war and the sworn enemy of the Korean people, and prove that peace will never settle on the Korean Peninsula as long as the US policy hostile towards the DPRK persists.

Criminal Acts of US–Systematic Abolition of Armistice Agreement

The US policy hostile towards the DPRK after the Korean war can be characterized in a word as a pursuit of permanent division of the Korean Peninsula and ceaseless nuclear threats and blackmail against the DPRK.

The Korean war, which Truman, a war chieftain, described as no less than World War III, came to a pause with the conclusion of the Armistice Agreement. But it meant neither the end of war nor the conclusion of a peace agreement.

The Armistice Agreement, at the time of its conclusion, constituted no more than a transitional step aimed at withdrawing all foreign troops from the Korean Peninsula and establishing lasting peace on it.

No sooner had the Armistice Agreement been signed than the US drove the situation of the Korean Peninsula to the brink of war in flagrant violation of the Armistice Agreement, driven by its wild ambition to make the Korean people its slaves by all means and seize the whole of the Korean Peninsula.

Around 22:20 p.m. on July 27, 1953, less than half an hour after the Armistice Agreement became effective, the US army fired several machine-gun shots towards our side’s area and then, fired shells into our side’s area successively for several hours at intervals of tens of minutes.

In disregard of Paragraph 10, Article I of the Armistice Agreement which stipulates that only pistols and rifles shall be carried in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) including the Joint Security Area (JSA), the US army deployed automatic rifles and machine guns and even cannons, tanks, flame throwers, helicopters etc., and opened gunfire towards our side’s posts and guardsmen indiscriminately almost every day.

From 1968, the US army mobilized fully-armed troops to repeat the military operations which it had once conducted in the areas along the 38th parallel including Mt Songak just before the provocation of the June 25 war.

The US army committed innumerable provocations in Panmunjom JSA, including Panmunjom Incident on August 18, 1976 and the incident of gunfire towards our security personnel on November 23, 1984.

The US nullified Paragraph 60, Article IV of the Armistice Agreement which envisages the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Korea and the peaceful settlement of the Korean question.

Paragraph 60 of the Armistice Agreement stipulated that within three months after the Armistice Agreement becomes effective a political conference of a higher level shall be held to negotiate the issues of the withdrawal of all foreign forces from the Korean Peninsula and the ways for peaceful settlement of the Korean question.

At the preparatory talks for a political conference that were convened at Panmunjom on October 26, 1953, the US laid artificial obstacles, only clinging to the obstructive manoeuvres, and on December 12 that year, it unilaterally withdrew from the meeting room. Thus, the talks did not proceed to the main conference, but was ruptured in the preparatory stage.

Afterwards, the Geneva Conference was convened for the peaceful settlement of the Korean question, but the US deliberately disrupted the conference.

On August 8, 1953, the US staged the ceremony of signing of the so-called a “Mutual Defence Treaty” with south Korea in order to legitimize the permanent stationing of US troops in south Korea.

On January 2, 1955, the then Chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff made reckless remarks that the US army would station, for an indefinite period, in south Korea which is of great strategic significance in its world hegemony, and that it would continue to hinder the peaceful coordination of the Korean question.

After the UN resolution on dissolution of the “UN Command” for the durable peace on the Korean Peninsula was adopted at the 30th session of the UN General Assembly in November 1975, the US clung more openly to its scheme for the permanent occupation by cooking up the US-south Korea “Combined Forces Command.”

In early March 2006, the US worked out a plan for expanding and reorganizing the nominal “UN Command” into a permanent organization of multinational forces by way of increasing the role of belligerent states of the Korean war and permitting them to take part not only in the formulation of emergency and operational plans but also in detailed activities, and buckled down to its implementation.

As a result, the process for converting the Armistice Agreement into a peace agreement miscarried, and the unstable state of neither war nor peace lasts on the Korean Peninsula.

In August 1953, the US went totally against Sub-paragraph 13(b), Article II of the Armistice Agreement and unilaterally drew the “northern limit line” in the West Sea of Korea, which is an act of illegal and outrageous crime, thereby turning its surrounding areas into the world’s most dangerous hotspot. It is also attempting in every way to impose a blockade on our country under the pretext of “Proliferation Security Initiative”, running counter to Paragraph 15, Article II which prohibits any kind of blockade against the DPRK.

The US nullified Sub-paragraph 13(d), Article II of the Armistice Agreement which called for a complete cessation of introduction of all military materiel from outside of the Korean territory and turned south Korea into a world’s weapons exhibition hall.

The US incessantly threatened and blackmailed the Inspection Teams of Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission which were mandated according to Sub-paragraph 13(c), Article II of the Armistice Agreement to supervise and inspect the introductions of military materiel from outside of the Korean territory, and eventually expelled them from south Korea in June 1956, thereby paralyzing their inspection functions.

In May 1957, the then US State Secretary openly stated that “the US should consider sending more modern and effective weapons to south Korea,” and on June 21 the same year, the US Army side that attended the 75th meeting of the Military Armistice Commission(MAC) announced its unilateral abrogation of Sub-paragraph 13(d) of the Armistice Agreement.

The US shipped into south Korea more than 1 000 nuclear weapons during the period between the late 1950s and the 1980s. As a result, south Korea was converted into the most highly deployed area of nuclear weapons in the world, their number being 4 times more than that of “NATO” member states, and into an advanced outpost for the outbreak of a nuclear war. The US also formalized the provision of nuclear umbrella to south Korea at the 14th session of the US-south Korea Annual Security Consultative Meeting held in March 1982.

At the dawn of the 21st century, the US designated the DPRK as a target for preemptive nuclear strike in its “Nuclear Posture Review” and shipped into south Korea the warfare equipment worth an astronomical amount of money, along with nuclear weaponry.

The US deployed in south Korea all sorts of ultra-modern offensive arms such as “F-117” stealth fighter, “F-15” and “F-16” fighters, “Shadow 200” tactical reconnaissance drones, Apache, new-type “Patriot” missiles, “Stryker” armoured vehicles, guided missile destroyers, “Abrams M1-A2” tanks, “ATACMS” ground-to-ground missiles, Mine-Removing Armour-Protected (MRAP) special vehicles, and even introduced the THAAD system.

Most recently, the US introduced to south Korea “F-35A” stealth fighters, “Global Hawk” high-altitude reconnaissance drones, AWACS and many other ultra-modern offensive weapons, thus turning south Korea into literally a showcase of lethal weapons.

The US went to the length of abolishing the MAC and the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission (NNSC), the only remaining supervisory bodies for implementing the Armistice Agreement.

In the 1950s, it dissolved the Neutral Nations Inspection Teams under the NNSC and the Joint Observer Team under the MAC which were provided for by Paragraph 23, Article II of the Armistice Agreement. On March 25, 1991, it staged a farce of designating as a senior member of the US Army side to the MAC a puppet army officer of south Korea which is not a signatory to the Armistice Agreement and therefore does not have any qualifications or authority to handle the issues relating to the Armistice Agreement.

As a result, the MAC, which had functioned for more than four decades, ceased its existence, and the NNSC, too, having lost its counterpart, withered away by itself.

The US also abrogated the Preamble and Paragraph 12 of the Armistice Agreement, which provides for a complete cessation of hostilities and all acts of armed force in Korea.

Since 1954, when it staged “Focus Lens”, the first joint military exercise with south Korea, the US has ceaselessly conducted all kinds of war drills so far, including “Freedom Bolt”, “Team Spirit”, “Ulji Focus Lens”, “Joint Wartime Reinforcement Exercise”, “Key Resolve”, “Foal Eagle” and “Ulji Freedom Guardian.”

These exercises far exceeded any other war exercises taking place in different regions of the world in terms of frequency and scope, and all of its strategic nuclear triad such as nuclear aircraft carriers, nuclear submarines and nuclear strategic bombers were mobilized in its nuclear war drills targeting the DPRK.

The nature of the exercises became more aggressive and provocative by changing their codenames into “decapitation operation”, “tweezers-style strike”, “invasion of Pyongyang”, etc., throwing off the “annual” and “defensive” veneer.

The pre-emptive nuclear strike scenarios were further specified into “OPLAN 5026”, “OPLAN 5027”, “OPLAN 5029”, “OPLAN 5030”, “OPLAN 5012”, “OPLAN 5015”, “OPLAN 8044”, “OPLAN 8022”, “OPLAN 8010”, “tailored deterrence strategy” and “OPLAN 4D.”

As seen above, the US left no stone unturned in abrogating each and every article and paragraph of the Armistice Agreement which consists of 5 Articles and 63 Clauses, with the result that the Armistice Agreement was reduced to a scrap of waste paper.

Owing to the hostile policy of the US and its endless nuclear threats and blackmail towards the DPRK, the Korean Peninsula has turned into the world’s hottest spot, where a nuclear war may break out at any moment.

If we had not strengthened our self-defensive deterrence markedly, the Korean Peninsula would have fallen into the holocaust of a war more than hundreds of times and the catastrophic third world war would have already started.

Strengthening the war deterrent is our final option

67 years have passed since the gunfire of the war ceased on this land. But, there is one thing that has not ceased at all. It is none other than the US policy hostile towards the DPRK.

The United States is becoming ever-more undisguised day by day in its scheme to stifle the DPRK by force and gain military edge in the Asia-Pacific region and, furthermore, to realize its ambition for world hegemony at any cost.

The DPRK government put forward a number of peace proposals and initiatives, including the proposal for concluding a DPRK-US peace agreement (1970s) and the proposal for establishing a new peace mechanism (1990s), all of which were rejected outright by the US.

In the second half of the 1990s, the four-party talks were held involving the DPRK, the US, China and south Korea for an establishment of durable peace mechanism on the Korean Peninsula, but no fruit was produced due to the insincere attitude of the US.

In the new century, we put forward the proposal for bringing earlier a declaration on putting an end to the war and the proposal for convening at the earliest possible date a meeting for replacing the Armistice Agreement with a peace agreement by 2010, the 60th year of the outbreak of the Korean war. But the United States turned down all of those proposals.

Instead, the US openly designated our country as an “axis of evil”, “outpost of tyranny” and “target of pre-emptive nuclear strike” and illegally labelled us as a “sponsor of terrorism”, “proliferation of weapons of mass destruction”, “human rights abuse”, “money laundering”, “counterfeiting”, “drug trafficking” in order to justify its policy hostile towards the DPRK.

It did not even hesitate to make such reckless remarks as “total destruction” of the DPRK and run amuck to overturn our ideology and system.

The US policy hostile towards the DPRK is well evidenced by the fact that it posed nuclear threats to us, openly talking about using nuclear weapons.

The US had openly stated that it would drop atomic bombs on the DPRK during the Korean war, and escalated its nuclear threats against us even after the conclusion of the Armistice Agreement.

When its armed spy ship Pueblo was captured in January 1968, the US reviewed the option for nuclear attack against us, and when the large-size reconnaissance plane “EC-121” was shot down in our territorial airspace in April 1969, it kept the nukes-mounted tactical bombers on emergency standby while the then US President Nixon made such reckless remarks that he decided to approve the use of atomic bombs in case north Korea strikes back. Such nuclear threats and blackmail by the US against the DPRK are just the tip of the iceberg.

The war in Kosovo triggered off by the US from March to June 1999 was a war of injustice, simulating a second Korean war.

The former Yugoslavia served the US for a test ground of a new Korean war, because the country has the natural and geographical conditions similar to the Korean Peninsula and its distance from the US mainland is almost the same as that from the US mainland to the Korean Peninsula.

The facts that the US, together with NATO, conducted ceaseless and indiscriminate air raids of zero operational significance and ruthlessly used depleted uranium bombs and WMDs that spread toxic bacteria, gave a glimpse into an oblique scene of the second Korean war being plotted by the US.

At the turn of a new millennium, the nuclear threats by the US against the DPRK became evermore blatant.

On June 6, 2001, Bush announced the so-called “North Korea Policy Statement” where he claimed that the US would wield its military strength, including nuclear weapons, if the DPRK does not accept its demand of nuclear inspection, suspension of development and launch of missiles, and reduction of conventional weapons.

In 2002, the US stated that it could be the first to use nuclear weapons on the Korean Peninsula and it would develop small-size nuclear bunker busters to this end, thereby making its preemptive nuclear attack on the DPRK a fait accompli.

In 2009, at the 41st session of the US-south Korea Annual Security Consultative Meeting, it announced in writing that it would provide extended deterrent such as nuclear umbrella, conventional strike capabilities and missile defense system to south Korea.

The American nuclear threats against the DPRK reached its peak in 2017.

The US drove the situation of the Korean Peninsula to the brink of a nuclear war by deploying nuclear strategic assets and latest military hardware, including the super-large nuclear-powered aircraft carriers Carl Vinson and Ronald Reagan, nuclear strategic bombers “B-1B”, “B-52H” and “B-2A”, nuclear-powered submarines Columbus, Tucson and Michigan, in and around south Korea.

The US hostile policy and nuclear threats against the DPRK became further aggressive after the DPRK-US Summit held in Singapore for establishing a new bilateral relationship and building a lasting and durable peace mechanism on the Korean Peninsula.

Despite the fact that we voluntarily took such crucial and meaningful initiatives as the discontinuation of nuclear test and ICBM test-fire for the sake of confidence-building, the US, far from responding to us with corresponding measures, conducted tens of joint military drills, which its President personally promised to stop, and threatened the DPRK militarily by shipping ultra-modern military hardware into south Korea.

It conducted a test-fire simulating the interception of our intercontinental ballistic missile, followed by open test-launches of all kinds of missiles, including ICBM “Minuteman-3” and SLBM “Trident 2D-5”, thus maximizing the nuclear threats against us.

Even amid the unprecedented crisis caused by COVID-19, it never gave up its military threats against us, staging a joint air drill and a marine corps joint landing drill in April this year.

No other nation on this planet than the Korean nation has so directly suffered from nuclear threats for so long. To our people, nuclear threat is not at all an abstract concept but actual and concrete experience.

Our nation suffered directly from the US nuclear attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and our nation is the second largest victim after the Japanese people.

To our people who personally experienced the horrible nuclear holocaust, the US nuclear blackmail during the Korean war was literally a nightmare, and a procession of “A-bomb refugees” streaming from the north to the south appeared on the Korean Peninsula in the period of the Korean war.

Many families who could not move together sent only their husbands or sons to the south in hopes of carrying on their family lines.

This is how the separated families of millions of people came into being, and they still live separately in the north and south of the Korean Peninsula and abroad.

In order to eliminate the nuclear threats from the US, the DPRK government has made all possible efforts either through dialogue or in resort to the international law, but all ended in a vain effot.

The only option left was to counter nuke with nuke.

In the long run, the US compelled us to possess nuke.

This brought to an end the nuclear imbalance in the Northeast Asia, where only the DPRK has been left without nukes while all other countries have been equipped with nuclear weapons or nuclear umbrella.

All these facts clearly prove that the root cause of the tension on the Korean Peninsula lies in the US hostile policy and nuclear threats towards the DPRK and that the dark clouds of a nuclear war can never be cleared away from the Korean Peninsula unless the US withdraws its hostile policy that treats the DPRK as an enemy and a belligerent state.

The US might have its own calculations in keeping the dogged persistence of its concept hostile towards the DPRK and continuing the belligerent relations with the DPRK.

While the Far Eastern strategy of the US shifted to “Nixon doctrine”, “Neo-Pacific doctrine”, Pivot to Asia-Pacific strategy and Indo-Pacific strategy, the environment surrounding the ceasefire on the Korean Peninsula has been abused to militarily deter the potential adversaries of the US.

In recent years alone, the US deployed the high-altitude missile defence system “THAAD” in south Korea under the pretext of “missile threat” from us, thus making it possible to watch over the northeastern areas of China and the far eastern region of Russia like seeing the palm of its hand. It is also openly revealing its evil intention to deploy intermediate-range missiles in our surrounding areas on the ground that the INF Treaty has become null and void.

As a result, it has now become a matter of time when a nuclear arms race starts around the Korean Peninsula, and the US military moves to contain China and Russia are bound to grow more pronounced as the time goes by.

Under such circumstance, there is no guarantee that a second June 25 would not be repeated in case the US interests coincide with the ones of 70 years ago, a far departure from being interested in keeping the armistice on the Korean Peninsula.

It has become an indispensable strategic option for our people, who were subjected to disastrous disturbances of war on this land by the US, to possess the powerful war deterrent for national defence.

It is an indisputable, open and above-board exercise of the legitimate right to self-defence that we build up the war deterrent for defending the national security and guaranteeing our development.

The 70-year-long history of the DPRK-US confrontation graphically show that any self-restraint or broad-mindedness would never serve to contain the US high-handedness and arbitrariness, aggression and war manoeuvres, only to encourage them instead.

It is no less than the despicable double-dealing tactics for the US to talk about a sort of dialogue while maximizing its attempts to pressurize the DPRK politically, economically and militarily, and its repeated harping, like an automatic responding machine, on denuclearization betrays only its brigandish intention to disarm us and open the way to a war of aggression.

At the Fourth Enlarged Meeting of the 7th Central Military Commission of the Workers’ Party of Korea, Comrade Kim Jong Un, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK, set forth new policies to further bolster the national nuclear war deterrent and operate the strategic force on full alert in accordance with the overall requirements for building and developing the armed forces of the country.

Under the condition where the US, the biggest nuclear power and the only user of nuclear weapons, clings to the pathological and inveterate policy hostile towards us and indulges itself in extreme nuclear threats and blackmail, we will continue building up our strength to contain the persistent nuclear threats of the US and never shrink from this road we have chosen.

Nobody on the earth could block the victorious advance of our people and our army who have inherited the heroic spirit and mettle of the great generation of victors who defeated the US-led imperialist forcess in the Fatherland Liberation War–a de facto confrontation between a rifle and an atomic bomb.